is related to a combination of factors including the walkway surface,
the footwear bottom, and the presence of foreign materials between them.
slip occurs when there is insufficient friction between a pedestrian's
footwear and the walkway surface. Different materials have different
slip resistance. A walkway surface with significantly different slip-resistance
under dry and wet conditions is hazardous, as is using flooring materials
with different levels of slip-resistance in adjacent areas.
with minimal heel-to-surface contact (such as high heels), or shoes
with leather or other hard, smooth-surfaced soles can lead to slips.
Shoes with cleated soft rubber soles and heels provide greatest slip
and other liquid contaminants are the most typical slipping hazards.
Adequate entrance flooring systems, such as matting, can reduce the
extent of contamination. Canopies and gutters also can redirect rainwater
from entranceways to reduce the extent of contamination.
slip resistance of walkway surfaces is affected by the type of detergent
and cleaning tools, as well as by the frequency of cleaning. Maintenance
should be appropriate for the type of pedestrian at the facility as
well as the amount of traffic.
use the English
XL Variable Incidence Tribometer for measuring slip resistance.
Dr. Nemire is a Certified XL Tribometrist (CXLT), and operates the slipmeter
in compliance with established guidelines. The XL slipmeter is the only
portable slipmeter that provides reliable measurements of slip resistance
on wet or contaminated surfaces.
Phone: (408) 234-6903
Email: info at hfeconsulting.com